Farm Together Update 32 Hack Working
there is a sizable body of evidence that suggests that work-family conflict and the various dimensions of work-family balance may also be a response to the economic conditions in which workers and families find themselves, rather than to the economic decisions of the individuals or households involved. to emphasize this, some research suggests that the actual adverse working conditions that are taken for granted or accepted as ‘good’ or even essential conditions of employment, when poorly balanced, lead to more conflict (i.e., more between the demands of work and those of family life) and less well-being and ultimately, more “bad” health outcomes (e.g., loerincher and dickerson 2005). 7 in that sense, the work-family conflict stressor hypothesis even holds some appeal for understanding issues of underemployment and individual well-being. for example, according to this view, there would be the strong possibility that the concurrent occurrence of higher levels of both underemployment and wfc (a less work-conducive work environment that also could reflect diminished wages, hours, and level of autonomy and control over one’s daily work situation) in a particular worker may contribute to the adverse health implications that can occur in this segment of the population. 8 reducing work hours would also likely decrease conflict and thus improve the conditions that workers and their families are experiencing, because more hours would increase income and thus provide both financial and emotional resources for additional family-related tasks and to balance the work-family experience.
referencesalexander, robert h., and rachna s. haley-lock. 2013. “the unemployable? exploring jobs in the new economy.” american enterprise institute. november 22. http://www.aei.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/13-935-a-story_of_irregular_work_v2.pdf.arum, richard, and josipa roksa. 2008. “why do hardworking americans change jobs so much? the importance of organizational flexibility.” economic policy institute. july 19.epi.org/publication/epi-07-1208-eb-mirror-rca.austen-smith, rachel, and john schott. 2010. “flexible and efficient work schedules and the work-family balance.” in the oxford handbook of the american workplace, ed. kenneth a. tucker, beth a. simmons, and charles j. spinner, 457-474.becker, gary s. 2007. “do part-time and full-time jobs provide different outcomes for children? ” working paper, no. 2007-07, national bureau of economic research. https://www.nber.org/papers/w13770.breckenridge, joelle, and maxwell m. mady. 2014. “in defense of the family: why americans work in shorter shifts.
figure 6 summarizes our findings on irregular scheduling in two dimensions. for each of the four rows, the column labeled “multivariate” (3) shows the joint effect of industry, other factors, and the need to estimate the coefficients for these effects. (the coefficient of determination, r2, is 82 percent for multivariate in the table.) the second column labeled “model 1a” shows the coefficient of the form that only takes covariates into account. the coefficient of the form of model 1b, that adds the logged hours worked per week as a control, indicates how much of the association with irregular hours is due to the skewed hours distribution that tends to be found in routine workers. (there are some differences by gender, being somewhat higher for men, but these are mostly due to a few unusually high values among women.)